Hoa Lo was a revolution school of Vietnamese prisoners
Hoa Lo prison had a French and famous name was Maison Centrale, meaning Central Prison or Hanoi Prison. This was the central prison of both Tonkin and central of Vietnam. This place was detaining many people, including political prisoners, patriots against the French colonial government from 1896 to 1954.
Hoa Lo Prison in 1908
In design, this prison could allow about 500 prisoners but in fact, it was 2000 ones. The colonial authorities applied a strict prison regime, used all torture techniques, brutal beatings so many revolutionaries sacrificed, but the determination and patriotism didn't subdue. They turned the prison into a school where enlightenment propagated the revolutionary line of the Party.
The prisoners in Cell D always in shackles
Prisoners were often punished with hard labor or imprisoned in the cell from 30 to 60 days, in the dark cell in 15 days. There was a quotation from "Regulations of Hanoi Central Prison" that:
"Asian convicts are obliged to work 9 hours per day. They are used to serve in the following jobs:
1. Drudgery outside the prison
2. Work in rattan knitting workshops or another workshop in the city
3. Drudgery inside the prison such as maintaining the buildings, clean the garden, paths, sentry box, ..."
The boxing gloves used to torture political prisoners
Jute bag used to torture political prisoners
In another side, the prisoners had to live in the basic conditioning which was always not enough for the life: the food, water ...
The thin clothes of the prisoners
Bowls plates for political prisoners
Although the life was terrible, the prisoners always tried to motivate each other to keep the spirit.
Embroidered pillow made by a political female prisoner in Hoa Lo (1952 - 1954)
There are many artifacts of Vietnamese prisoners in Hoa Lo, where became a never forget historical relic - the school of revolution.
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